Germany's regulations on the recycling of plastic waste are the most complete in the world. Its management attitude is very clear: First, it is "avoid production", then it is "recycling" and "final disposal."
In June 1990, the German government promulgated the first packaging waste disposal regulation, the "Regulations for Packaging Waste Disposal", which stipulates that the inevitable disposable plastic packaging waste must be reused or recycled, and mandatory. Companies are required to assume responsibility for recycling, but they can also entrust a recycling company to replace it and establish a two-way system (Duale System Deutschland, referred to as DSD), also known as Green Point. The company also set up a DKR joint-stock company to recover waste plastic packaging.
In 1991, Germany issued the “Regulations on Packaging”, which stipulates that the recycling of 6O in plastics must be mechanically recycled; in December 2002, the German Supreme Court issued the latest decree: all stores are required to start charging customers in January 2003 Recycling deposit for bottled beverages.
The United States is a world leader in the production of plastics, and it is also one of the earliest countries in the world to carry out research on the recycling of waste plastics. In the United States, packaging waste is achieved through curbside recycling, fragmented recycling, and distributed recycling systems. Roadside recycling is to provide residents with wastes that can be reused as recycled resources, such as waste polymers, newspapers, metals, and glass, to be classified on the roadside. Collected by local authorities to separate centers, and then selected by category and sent to the corresponding Factory use. Roadside recycling is generally considered to be the most effective recovery method. Scattered recycling costs are similar to roadside recycling costs, but because of inconvenience, usually fewer people are involved. Decentralized recycling is mainly for the collection of wastes that cannot be collected on the roadside and other materials.
Japan is the most comprehensive country in circular economy legislation, and its goal is to establish a "circular society" of resources. This is closely related to its domestic energy shortage. In view of this, Japan has always maintained a positive attitude towards the recycling of waste plastics.
In 1992, the Japanese government drafted the "Energy Protection and Promotion of Recycling Law," which took effect in June 1993. The government departments involved in the drafting of this law include the Ministry of Health and Welfare and the Ministry of Trade and Industry. The packaging problem is only part of the law. In terms of packaging, the law emphasizes the selective collection of recyclable waste, and it relies on recycling stations throughout the country to make packaging waste disposal more optimistic.
In 1997, Japan's "Container Packaging Recycling Law" was introduced. This regulation imposes strict regulations on the recycling of plastic packaging: PET bottle manufacturers and beverage manufacturers using PET bottles must bear the corresponding recovery costs; in 2001, the Japanese beverage manufacturers and plastic bottle manufacturers jointly formed The "Plastic Bottle Recycling Promotion Conference" decided that the production of colored plastic bottles will be stopped. Because in recycling, the mixing of colored plastic bottles not only reduces the quality of recycled products, but also increases the difficulty of manual handling. Japan's container recycling work is managed by the Japan Container Packaging Recycling Association. The cost of the plastic bottle recycling is borne by the three parties: the local administration is responsible for the cost of 1, and the remaining 99% is borne by the beverage producers and bottle manufacturers, each accounting for 80% and 20%. %.
Before the reform and opening up, China's waste recycling work was mainly based on the "scrap products collection stations" in various cities and towns. After the reforms and opening up, they came out on the rise and there were many individual "scrap purchase points." However, these acquisitions lack scientific management and they do not form a network system. In particular, migrant migrant workers are complex, with mixed results, undocumented operations, and lack of values and moral concepts, which have caused certain negative impacts on the recycling of packaging waste. In recent years, China has learned from the good experiences of developed countries, and in 1989 it promulgated the "Law of the People's Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Solid Waste Pollution" and the State Council's "Decision on Certain Issues of Environmental Protection," which stipulates that producers of products should adopt easy recycling. Disposal, disposal, disposal, or product packaging that is easily consumed in the environment, and require recycling, recycling, and use according to national regulations. However, there are two major problems in the implementation of this law: 1 The law does not stipulate specific standards for “products that are easy to recycle, dispose of, or easily dissipate in the environment”, nor does it specify which country The regulations stipulate that “recycling, recycling, and utilization are available. 2 From the perspective of the objective environment, the conditions under which the provisions of the Law are implemented are not yet met. The corresponding supporting institutions and facilities for how to recover, how to store, and how to deal with packaging waste are still not sound.